Afdeling VII Snelwandelen


RULE 230

Race Walking

1. Race Walking is a progression of steps so taken that the walker makes

contact with the ground, so that no visible (to the human eye) loss of

contact occurs. The advancing leg shall be straightened (i.e. not bent

at the knee) from the moment of first contact with the ground until the

vertical upright position.


2. (a) The appointed judges of Race Walking shall elect a Chief Judge,

if one has not been appointed previously.

(b) All the Judges shall act in an individual capacity and their

judgements shall be based on observations made by the human


(c) In competitions held under Rule 1.1(a), all Judges shall be

International Race Walking Judges. In competitions held under

Rules 1.1(b), (c), (e), (f), (g) and (j), all Judges shall be either

Area or International Race Walking Judges.

(d) For road races, there should normally be a minimum of six to a

maximum of nine Judges including the Chief Judge.

(e) For track races, there should normally be six Judges including

the Chief Judge.

(f) In competitions held under Rule 1.1(a) not more than one Judge

from any Country can officiate.

Chief Judge

3. (a) In competitions held under Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c), (d) and (f), the

Chief Judge has the power to disqualify an athlete inside the

stadium when the race finishes in the stadium or in the last 100m

when the race takes place solely on the track or on the road

course, when his mode of progression obviously fails to comply

with the Rule 230.1 regardless of the number of previous Red

Cards the Chief Judge has received on that athlete. An athlete

who is disqualified by the Chief Judge under these

circumstances shall be allowed to finish the race. He shall be

notified of this disqualification by the Chief Judge or a Chief

Judge’s Assistant by showing the athlete a red paddle at the

earliest opportunity after the athlete has finished the race.

(b) The Chief Judge shall act as the supervising official for the

competition, and act as a Judge only in the special situation

noted in Rule 230.3(a) in competitions under Rules 1.1(a), (b),

(c), (d) and (f). In competitions held under Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c)

and (f), two or more Chief Judge’s Assistants shall be appointed.

The Chief Judge’s Assistant(s) are to assist with the notification

of disqualifications only and shall not act as Race Walking


(c) For all competitions held under Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c) and (f), an

official in charge of the Posting Board(s) and a Chief Judge’s

Recorder shall be appointed.


4. Athletes shall be cautioned when, by their mode of progression, they

are in danger of failing to comply with Rule 230.1 by showing the

athletes a yellow paddle with the symbol of the offence on each side.

An athlete cannot be given a second caution by the same Judge for the

same offence. Having cautioned an athlete, the Judge shall inform

the Chief Judge of his action after the competition.

Red Cards

5. When a Judge observes an athlete failing to comply with Rule 230.1

by exhibiting visible loss of contact or a bent knee during any part of

the competition, the Judge shall send a Red Card to the Chief Judge.


6. (a) When three Red Cards from three different Judges have been

sent to the Chief Judge on the same athlete, the athlete is

disqualified and he shall be notified of this disqualification by

the Chief Judge or a Chief Judge’s Assistant by showing the

athlete a red paddle. The failure to give notification shall not

result in the reinstatement of a disqualified athlete.

(b) In all competitions, either directly controlled by the IAAF or

taking place under IAAF permit, in no circumstances shall the

Red Cards of two Judges of the same nationality have the power

to disqualify.

(c) In track races, an athlete who is disqualified shall immediately

leave the track and, in road races, shall, immediately after being

disqualified, remove the distinguishing bibs and leave the

course. Any disqualified athlete who fails to leave the course or

track may be liable to further disciplinary action in accordance

with Rules 60.4(f) and 145.2.

(d) One or more Posting Boards shall be placed on the course and

near the finish to keep athletes informed about the number of

Red Cards that have been sent to the Chief Judge for each

athlete. The symbol of each offence should also be indicated on

the Posting Board.

(e) For all Rule 1.1(a) competitions, hand held computer devices

with transmission capability must be used by the judges to

communicate all Red Cards to the Recorder and the Posting

Board(s). In all other competitions, in which such a system is not

used, the Chief Judge, immediately after the end of the event,

shall report to the Referee the identification of all athletes

disqualified under Rule 230.3(a) or 230.6(a), by indicating the

bib identification, the time of the notification and the offences;

the same shall be done for all the athletes who received red


The Start

7. The races shall be started by the firing of a gun. The commands and

procedure for races longer than 400m shall be used (Rule 162.3). In

races which include a large number of athletes, five-minute, threeminute

and one-minute warnings before the start of the race should

be given.

Safety and Medical

8. (a) The Organising Committee of Race Walking events shall ensure

the safety of athletes and officials. In competitions held under

Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c) and (f), the Organising Committee shall

ensure that the roads used for the competition are closed to

motorised traffic in all directions.

(b) In competitions held under Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c) and (f), the

events shall be scheduled to start and finish in daylight.

(c) A hands-on medical examination during the progress of an event

by the official medical staff appointed by the Organising

Committee and identified by armbands, vests or similar

distinctive apparel shall not be considered assistance.

(d) An athlete shall retire at once from the race if ordered to do so

by the Medical Delegate or a member of the official medical


Drinking / Sponging and Refreshment Stations

9. (a) Water and other suitable refreshments shall be available at the

start and finish of all races.

(b) For all events up to and including 10km, water only drinking /

sponging stations shall be provided at suitable intervals if

weather conditions warrant such provision.

Note: Mist stations may also be arranged, when considered

appropriate under certain organisational and/or climatic


(c) For all events longer than 10km, refreshment stations shall be

provided every lap. In addition, water only drinking / sponging

stations shall be placed approximately midway between the

refreshment stations or more frequently if weather conditions

warrant such provision.

(d) Refreshments, which may be provided by either the Organising

Committee or the athlete, shall be placed at the stations so that

they are easily accessible to, or may be put by authorised

persons into the hands of, the athletes.

(e) An athlete who collects refreshment from a place other than the

refreshment stations renders himself liable to disqualification

by the Referee.

(f) In competitions held under Rules 1.1(a), (b), (c) and (f), a

maximum of two officials per Country may be stationed behind

the refreshment table at any one time. No official shall, under

any circumstances, run beside an athlete while he is taking


Road Courses

10. (a) For competitions held under Rule 1.1(a), the circuit shall be no

shorter than 2km and no longer than 2.5km. For all other

competitions, the circuit shall be no shorter than 1 km and no

longer than 2.5 km. For events that start and finish in the

stadium, the circuit should be located as close as possible to the


(b) Road courses shall be measured in accordance with Rule 240.3.

Race Conduct

11. In events of 20km or more, an athlete may leave the road or track

with the permission and under the supervision of an official, provided

that by going off course he does not lessen the distance to be covered.

12. If the Referee is satisfied on the report of a Judge or Umpire or

otherwise that an athlete has left the marked course thereby

shortening the distance to be covered, he shall be disqualified.



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Laatst bijgewerkt op: 01.07.2010